Maricopa County Resources

Maricopa County, Arizona was named in honor of the Maricopa Indians, the first known inhabitants of the area.  Established in 1871, Maricopa County became the first of the four original counties of Territorial AZ.  Maricopa County’s outer boundaries were officially set in 1881 and remain unchanged to this day.

Those heading to state court in Arizona will go to one of two trial courts: the Justice Courts or the Superior Courts.  There are 25 Justice Courts in Maricopa County, which handle cases where the disputed amount is $10,000 or less, misdemeanor charges, landlord and tenant issues, and a wide range of civil and criminal traffic offenses.  The Superior Courts act as the trial courts for the State of Arizona.  Superior Courts handle family and juvenile cases, probate cases, tax issues and numerous civil and criminal cases.  There are several Superior Court locations in the Phoenix area.

If you have a personal injury case in Arizona, your claim will be heard in civil court.  Once you’ve gone through a trial, you may have the right to appeal your personal injury case to Arizona’s Appeals Court or the AZ Supreme Court.  The Arizona Court of Appeals and the Arizona Supreme Court are both located at 1501 West Washington Street in Phoenix.

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Maricopa County lies within south-central Arizona in the massive Phoenix Metropolitan Statistical Area, population 4 million, which ranks 13th in the nation among MSA’s.  This dynamic metro area serves as the center of AZ’s economic and political activity.  According to Census 2000 data, Maricopa County’s population was just over 3 million.  Maricopa County is home to more than half of the state’s residents and is by far the most populous county in AZ.  Many cities and towns encompass this 9,224 square mile region, the largest of which include Chandler, Glendale, Mesa, Phoenix and Scottsdale.  

With a population of 1.3 million, Phoenix is Arizona’s most populous city, and ranks as the fifth largest city in the nation.  Also called "Valley of the Sun," Phoenix serves as the seat of Maricopa County and the capital of the State of Arizona.  Phoenix stakes claim to 517 square miles of Salt River Valley, on the northern reaches of the Sonoran Desert.  Phoenix boasts a thriving cultural scene, with a beautiful downtown district. It is also the site of Luke Air Force Base.

Maricopa County boasts a diverse base of industry heavily reliant on the tourist industry of Phoenix and its surrounding areas.  Popular tourist attractions in the area include numerous golf courses, the Arizona Grand Resort, Castles N’ Coasters, Mesa Arts Center, Phoenix Zoo, South Mountain Park, Taliesin West and casino gambling hotspots such as Gila River Indian Community.  Maricopa County also provides access to many exciting sporting events of several professional teams such as the AZ Cardinals, AZ Diamondbacks, Phoenix Coyotes and the Phoenix Suns.  The region’s top employers include American Express, Apollo Group Inc. and Bank of America.

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The Phoenix metro area is also the site of 15 colleges and universities.  These include Grand Canyon University, Midwestern University, the Thunderbird School of Global Management and Arizona State University.  ASU has campuses in several communities, including two in Phoenix, and one each in Mesa and Tempe.

Maricopa County, Arizona abounds with business, cultural and educational opportunities unsurpassed in the region.  With their scenic vistas and colorful palette of recreational attractions, the communities of Maricopa County provide a well-rounded quality of life and an outstanding vacation destination.